Best Thailand Caverns & Caves

 Best Thailand Caverns & Caves.

The Day-Tour to Soppong and exploring the Tam Lot (Coffin Cave) is not so easy because the place is hidden in the north of Thailand. 

Caves are everywhere in Thailand underwater and above ground. Here is the Tham Lod Cave located in Soppong north Thailand at the road from Mae Hong Son to Pai also known as "Coffin Cave".  Here are some cave explorer from a nearby monastery.

Thailand Caving

About caving in Thailand   Emerald Cave in Trang Archipelago

Some wooden boxes were found decades ago and actually from the size they rather look like boats may be used to navigate the cave lake. 

Today they use bamboo rafts to navigate the cave lake where the visitors sit down on them and local people pull the bamboo rafts. Thailand is limestone country and this stone is relatively soft which means water streams can easily produce holes which become larger over time.

Thailand Caving.

Accessible from the west via Mae Hong Son and from east via Pai which again is a stronghold by western tourists because of the excellent climate in the lush hills.

Soppong is on the road between Mae Hong Son and Pai the drive between is a great scenic experience spectacular views along a winding mountain road with 'sharp curves and hairpin switchbacks'.

North Thailand around Soppong

Bamboo Rafts on the cave riverCave Explorer from the Monastery


  • The Tham Lot Cave.

Soppong is a very scenic small northern Thailand village along the river and the Tam Lot or Coffin Cave. Stopping at scenic overlooks and enjoy the beautiful views along the way. The Soppong river is surrounded by steep hills with several Thai hill tribe villages.
Stalactite - Stalagmite Tham Lot Cave

Along the Soppong river are some resorts and other accommodation and guesthouses. Kayaking trekking and a elephant ride is the program. The people are very friendly just ask if you want to see or do anything there is usually also somebody around who speaks some English if not they will search for someone.

Living in Soppong north Thailand

Caving in Thailand

Thailand is limestone country since this stone is relatively soft water can easily penetrate and produce holes which become larger over time.  ​Thailand is ideal for caving and one of the most spectacular cave system is near Soppong village on the road between Mae Hong Son and Pai in northern Thailand.

The area around and especially further east at Pai has spectacular views along narrow winding mountain roads with scenic overlooks and beautiful views with probably the most interesting cave tour above ground level in north Thailand. Somehow remembers to a Swiss Emmenthaler Cheese with plenty of holes and caves in the limestone. this process also creates fantasy worlds of stalactites and stalagmites.

Thailand caving Tham Lod
Thailand caving Pai

Tham Lod Cave Soppong North Thailand

Around the Tham Lot cave is the Huai Nam Dang National Park with some small rivers just the right Thailand tour destination. 

The area together with Pai a bit further east is a great trekking destination. From the peaks of he jungle hills you can see Burma or Myanmar actually the people living in the hills are the same in Burma and in Thailand. This are Lisu Lahu Shan and Karen. Further east is Chiang Mai and at north east is Chiang Rai.

Don't miss a canoe or kayak tour on the Soppong river which just runs partly close to the road, its a great river tour. Check for a festival if you are around there is always something going on just ask at the guesthouse or river resort.

Tham Lot Cave is the place where most locals earn their money everything is very well organised (rather seldom in Thailand) and if you ever end up in this pretty place take some rubber boots with you because half of your adventures day-trip you wade through bat and swift-let droppings.

Other caves in Southeast Asia (ASEAN).

Cave exploring and caving is one of the top outdoor adventure worldwide
Famous caves are almost everywhere some gigantic and interesting are in Asia too. 

Until recently the largest known cave in the world was in West Malaysia, the Deer Cave on Borneo. Now there is a new one.

The biggest know by today is Son Doong cave in Vietnam. Son Doong cave was discovered only about 20 years ago in Quang Binh province. Expeditions started in 2014 and each group will have up to eight participants.

Cave trip organizer is Oxalis already announcing to have significantly more requests than places for the coming year. A total of only 220 visitors are allowed into the cave in August 2013 a first time test expedition was conducted with eight tourists.

Son Doong is located in the Phong Nha Ke Bang National Park, about 500 kilometers south of the capital Hanoi. Visitors have to walk 17 kilometers to the cave, according to the Tourism Authority the basic trip is four days and three nights in tents.

In the cave are unique rock formations, pools and a unique flora and fauna. A seven-day tour costs U.S. $ 3000 (€ 2245) per visitor. The national park is recognized by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site since 2003.

Native of the region in central Vietnam near the border with Laos had discovered the cave with an underground river in 1991. In 2009, British scientists made a first expedition, they found a 6481-meter-long cave, as the researcher Howard Limbert announced later. It is sometimes 150 meters wide and 200 meters high.

Swiftlets a precious cave bird.

The Collocalia francica or swiftlet which breeds in caves is famed in the Far East some say that this bird was believed to obtain its nutriment from the air. Its name in Thai means 'wind-eating bird' and it is stated never to have been observed by taking solid food of any kind. The bird's nest, which is fixed to the most inaccessible parts of high caves, is half the size of a small saucer. It is transparent and takes, in the first place, three months to make the fine, web-like threads of saliva secreted by the bird.

Its first nests are collected as soon as complete. The bird then quickly produces a second bird nest, which is regarded as an inferior edition; and when this is taken, a third, of which it is sometimes left in possession. These are 'white' nests, without any foreign material used. A related species of bird, of less "good" habits, produces 'black' nests, containing feathers, flies, and even droppings. These are not acceptable in Hong Kong, the main bird's nest market; but find buyers among all Chinese.

The swiftlet not only does not foul its nests but does not permit its young to do so, although perhaps in view of its reputed feeding habits, the impulse is slight. At all events, nests are as spotless and saleable after incubation as before.
It was inevitable that so remarkable a performance should have attracted the attention of the Chinese who almost eat everything which moves. In about 1750 a Chinese called Hao Yang presented his wife, children, and slaves, together with fifty cases of tobacco to the King of Thailand, then Siam, asking in return to be allowed to collect birds' nests on the islands. He soon became immensely rich and was made Governor of a province.

Realizing the value of the monopoly the Crown then took over. A corps of hereditary collectors was created; officers of the crown who were not allowed to change their employment and who were permitted to carry firearms to guard the caves. Bird nest poachers were heavily fined. After an analysis conducted in the manner of their day, a body of early Chinese scientists unanimously declared that the nest was composed of solidified sea-foam. It was a short step to regarding it as an essential ingredient of the elixir of life. Although the elixir remained elusive, a combination of birds' nests and ginseng is still considered by the Chinese to be the nearest thing to it ever discovered and capable in nine cases out of ten of restoring to life a patient on the point of death.

Unfortunately, many unscrupulous practices are in the bird's nest trade. One was the manufacture of spurious nests. Such nests were made of jellies extracted from various seaweeds, and sometimes most artfully flavored by the addition of a trifling percentage of the real thing. Sometimes experts are employed to nibble judiciously at samples of nests. Usually, when you order bird's nest soup in a restaurant in Thailand, a fake will be served. Actually, it takes a birds nest-eater of many years' experience to tell the difference between the genuine bird's nest and the imitation. Thailand rafting Morakot cave in Trang Province.